Occupational Safety and Health and Working Environment
Occupational Safety and Health and Working Environment
The employer undertakes to provide the means of occupational safety and health at the workplaces in such a way as to ensure prevention from work hazards, in particular the following hazards:
- Mechanical hazards arising as a result of a collision or contact between the worker’s body and a solid object, such as construction, building and excavation hazards, collapse and fall hazards, and hazards arising from devices, machines and transportation and handling means.
- Hazards arising from handling solid, liquid or gas chemical substances or arising from the leakage of such substances to the working environment.
- Natural hazards affecting the worker’s safety and health as a result of a natural hazard or damage such as heat, humidity, cold, noise, dangerous and harmful radiations, quakes or the high or low atmospheric pressure in the workplace.
- Hazards arising from the unavailability of means of safety, rescue, first aid and hygiene or the like and hazards arising from nutrition in cases where the employer is bound by virtue of the law to provide nutrition.
- Fire hazards and hazards arising from electricity and lighting.
The establishments determined by virtue of the Minister’s decision in coordination with the Minister in charge of industrial affairs shall assess and analyze the expected industrial and natural hazards and disasters and draft an emergency plan to protect these establishments and the workers therein upon the occurrence of any disaster, provided the efficacy of this plan is tested in order to ascertain its adequacy and the workers are trained on said plan.
The abovementioned establishments shall notify the Ministry of this emergency plan drafted by them with any modifications thereto.
The employer or his representative shall inform the worker of the work hazards and the means of prevention he must abide by, provide him with the personal prevention means and train him on using them.
The employer shall not make the worker bear any expenses or deduct from the latter’s wage any amounts for the provision of the necessary means of prevention against work hazards.
The worker must use the means of occupational safety and health and diligently preserve the ones under his possession. He must execute the instructions set forth in order to preserve his health and avoid working hazards. The worker shall not commit any act that may disrupt or destroy any of these means or prevent or hinder their use and shall not misuse them.
Subject to the provisions of the Law on Social Insurance, the employer must:
- Subject the worker before his engagement in the work to the preliminary medical examination in order to ascertain his health, physical, mental and moral safety and fitness in line with the nature of the work entrusted to him.
- Subject the workers sustaining an occupational disease to periodical medical examination in order to verify whether they still enjoy their health fitness and to discover any disease they may have contractedat its early stages, in accordance with the regulation issued by virtue of the decision of the Minister of Health in agreement with the Minister.
- Provide his workers with the means of medical aids and with the treatment of emergency cases in accordance with the regulation issued by virtue of the decision of the Minister of Health in agreement with the Minister.
- Prepare a medical file for each worker clarifying in particular, any development in terms of the worker health situation, the procedures of his treatment, the types of regular and occupational diseases and work injuries, the degrees of disability if any as well as the period of absence of the worker due to illness.
The employer undertakes to provide the basic health care for his workers, regardless of their number, in accordance with the regulation issued by virtue of a decision of the Minister of Health in agreement with the Minister.
Without prejudice to the provisions of Title XVI of this Law, the Ministry shall:
- Create an authority denominated “The Authority of occupational safety and health inspection” formed of a sufficient number of inspectors enjoying qualifications and suitable experience, which shall be in charge of carrying out periodical inspection over the establishments to verify their implementation of the provisions of this Title.
The Minister shall issue a decision on the formation of this Authority and the organization of its work.
- Provide the Authority of occupational safety and health inspection with all what is required for its fulfillment of its mission, including equipment and measuring devices.
- Organize qualitative and specialized training sessions and programs to improve the competence of the members of the Inspection Staff and the level of their performance and to provide them with the necessary technical experiences to guarantee the best occupational safety and health levels.
a) The Authority of occupational safety and health inspection shall:
- Subject the workers at the establishments to the necessary medical and labouratory tests for verifying the adequacy of the working conditions and their effect on the worker’s health and prevention level.
- Take samples from the substances used or handled in industrial operations which may have a harmful effect on the workers’ safety and health or on the working environment for their analysis in order to determine the extent the hazards arising from the use of said substances, provided the establishment is notified in this respect.
- Use the devices and equipment necessary for the analysis of the causes of occupational accidents.
- Peruse the results of the technical and administrative reports incoming to the establishment about serious accidents and their causes.
- Peruse the emergency plan and hazards analysis of the establishment.
- Execute any other mission entrusted to the Authority by virtue of the Minister’s decision.
b) The Minister in charge of the Commercial Register, based on the report of the Authority of occupational safety and health inspection shall order the partial or total administrative closing of the establishment, the interruption of a specific work or the use of one or more machine in case of imminent danger threatening the establishment or the safety or health of the workers in it, or in case the establishment failed to draft an emergency plan in accordance with the provision of Article 167 of this Law, until the elimination of the danger or the drafting of said plan.
c) The Authority of occupational safety and health inspection shall draft an annual report on its activities including in particular, a statement of the establishments subject to inspection, the number of workers therein, the inspection visits made by inspectors, violations, imposed sanctions, and the discovered work injuries and occupational disease.
The Ministry shall publish this report in any appropriate manner ensuring its public perusal, within three years as of the end of the year.
A Council of Occupational Safety and Health shall be created and shall be in charge of drafting and following-up on the implementation of general policies in terms of occupational safety and health and the provision of the appropriate working environment.
This Council shall be presided over by the Minister and a number of members representing the related administrative authorities, the Bahrain Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the General Confederation Workers Trade Unions in Bahrain, as well as the experienced parties in terms of occupational safety and health and the working environment.
The Prime Minister shall issue a decision on the formation of this Council and the organization of its work.
Subcommittees for occupational health and safety shall be established by virtue of the Council’s decision in the economic and industrial sectors specified in said decision, provided each subcommittee includes among its members representative of the related parties. The Council shall set the powers and the rules governing the work of these subcommittees.
The establishment employing fifty workers or more shall provide its workers with the necessary social and cultural services in agreement with the trade union if any or the workers’ representatives. The competent Minister shall issue a decision in agreement with the General Confederation Workers Trade Unions in Bahrain on the determination of these services and their extent that must be provided.
Last Update: Wednesday 19 August 2015